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When you begin to learn the game of chess, it can be a bit overwhelming. You have the names of all the pieces and their moves to memorize. Each piece is only allowed to move a certain way and some can only move a certain amount of squares.
One of the trickier pieces to understand is the Knight. Most pieces move either forward and backward, side-to-side, or diagonally. Not the Knight. The Knight has its own special move to be memorized.
How exactly does a Knight move and can it go backward?
Knights can move backward in chess. Their move is a variation of the letter L. The Knight can move backward two squares and either left or right one square, thus creating an L shape. The Knight can also move backward one space and over to the left or right two squares.
Whichever variation of the letter L you choose, the Knight can perform it backward. The Knight can also do the same L shape move going forward or also to the side.
What Is The Name Of An Elephant In Chess?
The game of chess has been around for centuries. The original game of chess has pieces that we no longer use today. Once chess reached Europe, the pieces were renamed and the moves they could perform were altered as well.
This is where the Queen piece got all her power. Originally, the piece that represented the Queen did not have very much power at all. During this time in England is when Queens were becoming more prominent and accepted rulers.
As the times in England were changing, they decided that the Queen needed to be the most powerful piece on the board. What about the elephant? Was there an elephant piece in the original game of chess?
The elephant, alfil, was an original piece in the game of chess. The alfil move was to jump two squares diagonally and jump over any piece that was in its way. During the Renaissance when chess came to England, the elephant piece was rebranded and changed to the bishop.
Instead of being able to only move two squares diagonally, the piece was allowed to move as many squares diagonally as it could. Since the elephant could go further on the board, they did take away the elephant’s ability to jump other pieces.
The piece was then renamed the Bishop. However, in some Spanish and European countries, the Bishop is still called the alfil.
What Are The Chess Pieces Names?
When you learn the game of chess, the most important part is knowing your pieces. Not only should you know how your pieces move, but also the names.
While castle and horse may sound like fun names for the pieces, each piece does have a specific name.
Here is a list of all the chess pieces and their moves.
The King is your most important chess piece. Once the King is in checkmate, it is game over.
Though the King may be most important, it is not the most powerful. The King piece has very limited moves as it can only move one square in any direction.
Each side is given one King at the start, and the main goal is to keep your King out of checkmate while putting the other King in it.
The King is the most important piece, but the Queen is the most powerful. There is only one Queen and its job is to protect the King at all costs.
The Queen will always start on its own color. For example, the white Queen will begin on the light square and the black Queen will begin on the dark square. The Queen can go in any direction and as many spaces as needed.
It can move back and forth, side-to-side, and diagonally. It is important to protect the King, but as your most powerful piece, the Queen should be protected too.
The Rook is the piece that many like to call the castle. The Rook can move back and forth or side-to-side. While the Rook is not able to move diagonally, it is still a valuable piece.
Like the Queen, the Rook can move as many squares as needed. If an opponent piece is in its way, it may capture the piece, take its square, and wait until the next turn to keep moving.
Each player is given two Rooks at the start. They are placed in the four corners of the board with their respective colors.
The Bishop is considered a minor piece. The Bishop can move diagonally as many squares as it can unless blocked by another one of the pieces or an opponent.
Each player is given two Bishops, to begin with. Their starting position is on either side of the King and Queen.
Once on the board, they can only move diagonally and stay on the color they started on.
More commonly known by beginners as the horse piece, the Knight is also a minor piece. The Knight has a different kind of move.
The Knight moves in the shape of an L. The Knight is also the only piece in chess that can jump over other pieces.
The Knight only captures what it lands on, not what it jumps over. The move for the Knight is two squares up and one square over. It can also be two squares over and one square up, or one square up and two squares over.
Whichever combination of the moves you choose, the Knight moves a total of three spaces in the shape of an L.
The Pawn is the least powerful piece in a game of chess. It can move only one square at a time (besides having the option to move two spaces at the start of the game) and almost always forward.
The only exception to moving forward is when it attacks. When a pawn attacks, it attacks diagonally, but still only moves one square.
Though the Pawn may be the least powerful, it can have great potential. If the Pawn can make it all the way across the board without being captured, then the Pawn can become a new, powerful piece.
The player then chooses if he wants two Queens, another Rook, Bishop, or Knight. The only piece the Pawn cannot become is the King.
Each player begins the game with eight Pawns and they begin as a protective barrier between your valuable pieces and your opponent’s pieces.
Playing chess becomes easier with practice. It may seem overwhelming to understand all the moving pieces, but after a while, it will seem like second nature.
Be sure to always protect the King and use your pieces to their full advantage.